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Full text of "History Of Ancient India"

{\rtf1\ansi {\colortbl;\red0\green0\blue0;\red0\green0\blue255;\red0\green255\blue255;\red0\green255\blue0;\red255\green0\blue255;\red255\green0\blue0;\red255\green255\blue0;\red255\green255\blue255;}{\fonttbl{\f0\froman\cpg0\fcharset0 Times New Roman;}{\f1\fswiss\cpg0\fcharset0 Arial;}{\f2\froman\cpg1252\fcharset0 Times New Roman;}{\f3\fswiss\cpg1252\fcharset0 Arial;}{\f4\froman\cpg1251\fcharset204 Times New Roman;}{\f5\fswiss\cpg1251\fcharset204 Arial;}{\f6\froman\cpg1250\fcharset238 Times New Roman;}{\f7\fswiss\cpg1250\fcharset238 Arial;}{\f8\froman\cpg1257\fcharset186 Times New Roman;}{\f9\fswiss\cpg1257\fcharset186 Arial;}{\f10\froman\cpg1254\fcharset162 Times New Roman;}{\f11\fswiss\cpg1254\fcharset162 Arial;}{\f12\froman\cpg1253\fcharset161 Times New Roman;}{\f13\fswiss\cpg1253\fcharset161 Arial;}{\f14\froman\cpg1255\fcharset177 Times New Roman;}{\f15\fswiss\cpg1255\fcharset177 Arial;}}{\stylesheet {\sbasedon222\f2\fs20 Normal;}}\paperw12240\paperh15840\margl841\margr880\margt1440\margb720 \sectd \sbknone\pgwsxn12240\pghsxn15840\marglsxn841\margrsxn880\margtsxn1440\margbsxn720\cols1\colsx60 \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li961\fi0\ri0\sb25\sa0\sl-238\slmult0\tx4403 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-14\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 .    \loch\af0\hich\af0\dbch\f2\cchs0 \'95\hich\af0\dbch\af2\loch\f0\cchs0 :%\loch\af0\hich\af0\dbch\f2\cchs0 \'84\hich\af0\dbch\af2\loch\f0\cchs0 ;\loch\af0\hich\af0\dbch\f2\cchs0 \'95\hich\af0\dbch\af2\loch\f0\cchs0  .-{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\expndtw11 and Yava-bhumi.   If the last two names are identical}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li0\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0\sl-238\slmult0\tx4403 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-11\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 i&lS^t'. "  \super :\nosupersub Yy<:\super ;\nosupersub     \super :\nosupersub     \expndtw10\loch\af0\hich\af0\dbch\f2\cchs0 \'95\hich\af0\dbch\af2\loch\f0\cchs0 ..{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\expndtw12 with Sumatra and Java, as has been suggested, we get}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li965\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0\sl-238\slmult0\tx4403 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-5\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 '  ' \scaps 'uh<; \scaps0 ;;.' ,'.\super :{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\nosupersub\expndtw13 definite evidence that the Pala kingdom was in touch}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li1022\fi0\ri0\sb4\sa0\sl-238\slmult0\tx4403 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-2\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 . .'.'Mi" ^'   ': .{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\expndtw3 with these far-eastern islands.\super 1}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li1022\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0\sl-238\slmult0\tx5000 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw2\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 ;\loch\af0\hich\af0\dbch\f2\cchs0 \'95\'95\hich\af0\dbch\af2\loch\f0\cchs0 ;\loch\af0\hich\af0\dbch\f2\cchs0 \'95\hich\af0\dbch\af2\loch\f0\cchs0 .;;;\expndtw0  \expndtw-28\loch\af0\hich\af0\dbch\f2\cchs0 \'95\hich\af0\dbch\af2\loch\f0\cchs0 ;-  ,     .{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\expndtw10 Besides a great conqueror, Devapala was a patron}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li4493\fi-3629\ri0\sb4\sa0\sl-238\slmult0\tx4403 \f2\fs20{\b0\i\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-22\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 i \loch\af0\hich\af0\dbch\f2\cchs0 \'95\hich\af0\dbch\af2\loch\f0\cchs0   \i0\expndtw-1\loch\af0\hich\af0\dbch\f2\cchs0 \'95\'95\hich\af0\dbch\af2\loch\f0\cchs0 -'\loch\af0\hich\af0\dbch\f2\cchs0 \'95\hich\af0\dbch\af2\loch\f0\cchs0 v{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\expndtw10 of Buddhism, and he constructed temples and monas\-\line \expndtw7 teries in Magadha.    Thus, art and architecture received}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li868\fi0\ri0\sb4\sa0\sl-238\slmult0\tx4403 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-9\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 :      ;{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\expndtw7 a fresh impetus,   and Nalanda   continued   to   flourish}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li1285\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0\sl-238\slmult0\tx4403 \f2\fs20{\b0\i\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-44\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 \{\i0 -\loch\af0\hich\af0\dbch\f2\cchs0 \'95\hich\af0\dbch\af2\loch\f0\cchs0 ';\loch\af0\hich\af0\dbch\f2\cchs0 \'95{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\expndtw6\hich\af0\dbch\af2\loch\f0\cchs0 as the chief seat   of   Buddhist   learning.    The   limits}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li1318\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0\sl-238\slmult0\tx4403 \f2\fs20{\b0\i\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-36\loch\af0\hich\af0\dbch\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 \'95\hich\af0\dbch\af2\loch\f0\cchs0 :.[*\loch\af0\hich\af0\dbch\f2\cchs0 \'95{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\i0\expndtw10\hich\af0\dbch\af2\loch\f0\cchs0 of Devapala's reign may be fixed   between \i c. \i0 815 and}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li864\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0\sl-238\slmult0\tx1847\tx4403 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw0\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 ;{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab };{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\expndtw5 855 A.D.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li4457\fi0\ri0\sb209\sa0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-2\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 Narayanapdla}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li882\fi0\ri0\sb191\sa0\sl-238\slmult0\tx4921 \f2\fs20{\b0\i\cf1\charscalex80\expndtw8\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 -\\ ,     \i0 v{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\charscalex100\expndtw6 The   next  monarch   of note   was    Narayanapala,}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li871\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0\sl-238\slmult0\tx4424 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-9\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 J'      /J \super :{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\nosupersub\expndtw3 who ruled for at least fifty-four years \i (c. \i0 858-912   A.D.).}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li4378\fi0\ri173\sb0\sa0\sl-238\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw3\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 He was born of Lajja, a princess of the Haihaya (Cecli) \expndtw9 race. The Bhagalpur inscription\super 2\nosupersub  records that in Jthc \expndtw11 iyth year of Hs reign he granted from Mudgagiri \expndtw13 (Alonghyr) a village in Tira-bhukti (Tirhut) to the \expndtw3 shrine of Siva, and built one thousand temples in honour \expndtw19 of the same deity. During the earlier part of \expndtw17 Narayanapala's reign Magadha remained under the \expndtw5 I alas, but several inscriptions, dated in the regnal years}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li4356\fi0\ri0\sb11\sa0\tx7394\tx7859\tx8474\tx9133\tx9770 \f2\fs20{\b\i0\cf1\charscalex193\expndtw-6\f3\cchs0\lang1033\fs7 Of        A.l<lT^o+-.^*y\loch\af1\hich\af1\dbch\f3\cchs0 \'bb\hich\af1\dbch\af3\loch\f1\cchs0 *\loch\af1\hich\af1\dbch\f3\cchs0 \'ab\hich\af1\dbch\af3\loch\f1\cchs0 ST-       T         _{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\expndtw0 1{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }-{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }.{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\expndtw-6\loch\af1\hich\af1\dbch\f3\cchs0 \'b0\hich\af1\dbch\af3\loch\f1\cchs0         -{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\i\super\expndtw-15 J\nosupersub -}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li4676\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0\tx6286 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw0\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 .{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\expndtw10 I, prove  that later it  passed   along}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li4349\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw7\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 with Northern Bengal into the hands of the Pratlharas *}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li4331\fi1264\ri0\sb274\sa0\sl-238\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\sub\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw11\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 K\nosupersub\super ktter\nosupersub  \super s\nosupersub , ^ession, for neither the alleged \expndtw17 no     nf V\super S\nosupersub  P\super redece\nosupersub ^^   Mihira  Bhoja,   nor   the \expndtw21 he  Ton \i\loch\af0\hich\af0\dbch\f2\cchs0 \'b0\hich\af0\dbch\af2\loch\f0\cchs0 l^ \i0 ascriptions,   support   the View that}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li4936\fi-616\ri277\sb166\sa0\sl-166\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw29\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 tures ^urV\super PP\nosupersub ^^\sub J\nosupersub\super SUCCtts\nosupersub  \super ln\nosupersub  \super his\nosupersub  \super eastem\nosupersub  \super ven\nosupersub -\expndtw24 unde, k \super gadha\nosupersub , f\super d\nosupersub  \super No\nosupersub\loch\af0\hich\af0\dbch\f2\cchs0 \'ab\super\hich\af0\dbch\af2\loch\f0\cchs0 he\nosupersub ^ Bengal having \expndtw5 under the sway of the Pratiharas, and with Eastern}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li6268\fi0\ri0\sb292\sa0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\super\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw1\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs22 PP\nosupersub ' \super 5I\nosupersub\loch\af0\hich\af0\dbch\f2\cchs0 \'b0\hich\af0\dbch\af2\loch\f0\cchs0 "\super 27\nosupersub  \super (see\nosupersub  \super the\nosupersub    \super N5la\nosupersub\loch\af0\hich\af0\dbch\f2\cchs0 \'ab\hich\af0\dbch\af2\loch\f0\cchs0 da   copper-plate}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li4788\fi0\ri0\sb14\sa0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex86\expndtw2\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 '     ;7- \i\loch\af0\hich\af0\dbch\f2\cchs0 \'95\hich\af0\dbch\af2\loch\f0\cchs0 > \i0\super AV\nosupersub 'PP- 304-10.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li4802\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\super\cf1\charscalex86\expndtw8\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 Sce\nosupersub  \i H"*"* \loch\af0\hich\af0\dbch\f2\cchs0 \'bb\super\hich\af0\dbch\af2\loch\f0\cchs0 f\nosupersub  \i0\super F\nosupersub\loch\af0\hich\af0\dbch\f2\cchs0 \'97\hich\af0\dbch\af2\loch\f0\cchs0 ' pp. 248-50.}\par }